Periodontal disease (also known as gum disease) affects the supporting and surrounding tissue of the gums and the underlying jawbone. If left untreated, periodontal disease can result in loose, unstable teeth, and even tooth loss.
There are several variations of periodontal disease and multiple ways in which they can manifest in your mouth. Each requires immediate treatment to stop its progression and to save your gum tissue, bone, and ultimately your teeth.
Gingivitis is the mildest and most common form of periodontal disease and is caused by the toxins in plaque. If not treated, it leads to periodontitis, the more advanced form of periodontal disease.
Chronic Periodontal Disease
Chronic periodontal disease is the most common form of periodontitis and occurs much more frequently in people over 45. It is characterized by inflammation below the gum line and the progressive destruction of the gingival and bone tissue. The gums begin receding, making the teeth look longer.
Aggressive Periodontal Disease
Aggressive periodontal disease is characterized by the rapid loss of gum attachment and the rapid loss of bone tissue. While the disease itself is essentially the same as chronic periodontitis, it progresses much faster and is much more prevalent in smokers.
Periodontal Disease Related to Systemic Conditions
Periodontal disease is closely related to other systemic conditions and can have serious effects on the body. If you already have these underlying conditions, the disease can behave like aggressive periodontal disease, working quickly to destroy tissue.
Necrotizing Periodontal Disease
This form of the disease is extremely rare but worsens rapidly. It is more prevalent among people who suffer from HIV, immunosuppression, malnutrition, chronic stress and those who smoke. Tissue death (necrosis) frequently affects the periodontal ligament and is one of the only forms of periodontitis that causes painful gums.
If you have any question or concerns about the different types of periodontal disease and treatments, call the office of Green Bay dentist Dr. Brusky at (920) 662-1440.