Causes of Periodontal Disease

Causes of Gum (Periodontal) Disease

Gum or periodontal disease affects four out of five adults. Experts have said that it’s as common as the everyday cold. While it can be caused by genetic or environmental factors, it’s entirely preventable with a few positive lifestyle changes.

Behaviors That Can Contribute to Gum Disease

The most common causes of periodontal disease include poor oral hygiene and tobacco use. If you’re not brushing and flossing at least once, preferably twice, daily, you could be leaving yourself open to gum disease. Tobacco use, whether smoked or chewed, is also high-risk because it leads to inflammation of the gums and is compounded by the fact that tobacco causes you to heal at a slower rate, so the problem just becomes worse over time.

Other causes include genetics, pregnancy, and menopause, as well as chronic stress, poor diet, and diabetes or some other medical issue.

Not many people know this, but periodontal disease can also be exacerbated by teeth grinding and certain medications.

How to Treat Gum Disease

Root planing and scaling is a professional deep cleaning of the teeth and gums that is excellent in the fight against gum disease. The procedure will be performed by one of Dr. Brusky’s highly skilled and gentle hygienists. Dr. Brusky may also prescribe oral antibiotics, either in addition to scaling and root planning or as a stand-alone treatment.

If you suffer from a severe case of gum disease, a periodontist may need to use tissue grafts to help regenerate lost bone tissue. Dental implants can then be used to replace any teeth lost due to periodontitis.

The disease can also cause the gums to recede, which can lead to a “toothy” smile. Your periodontist can graft gingival tissue to create a more even and esthetically pleasing smile.

Detection and Early Gum Disease Prevention

The key to treating periodontal disease is early detection and prevention. You must address the causes of gum disease as early as possible so that the disease doesn’t progress. For patients in Seymour, De Pere, Pulaski, Shawano, or Howard, you are one appointment away from learning if you have gum disease and how to treat it.

To learn more about the lifestyle choices that may contribute to periodontal disease, call (920) 662-1440 or use the handy form on the right to schedule an appointment with Dr. David Brusky today.

Contact the Center for Dental Excellence in Green Bay