What is Periodontal (Gum) Disease

What is Periodontal (Gum) Disease?

periodontal disease

The term periodontal means “around the tooth.”  Periodontal disease is a common, often painless inflammatory condition affecting the supporting and surrounding soft tissues of the tooth as well as the jawbone in its advanced stages. It is the leading cause of tooth loss in adults worldwide.

Periodontal disease is most often preceded by gingivitis, a bacterial infection of the gum tissue.  The toxins in plaque irritate and inflame the gum tissues if it is not properly removed. Once the infection colonizes in the gum pockets between your teeth, it becomes difficult to treat.

Types of Periodontal Disease

When left untreated, gingivitis (mild gum inflammation) can spread to below the gum line.  The toxins contained in plaque initiate a chronic inflammatory response that then causes the body to break down and destroy its own bone and soft tissue.

Most patients are unaware they even have periodontal disease because it is usually painless. Symptoms such as loose teeth or bleeding might arise, as well as more visible roots of the teeth.

The most common types of periodontal disease include:

  • Chronic periodontitis
  • Aggressive periodontitis
  • Necrotizing periodontitis
  • Periodontitis caused by systemic disease

Treatment for Periodontal Disease

Your dentist will choose the right treatment for you, depending on the exact condition of your teeth, gums, and jawbone. We will always try to treat you in-house before referring to a specialist (periodontist).

Here are some of the more common treatments for periodontal disease:

  • Scaling and root planing
  • Tissue regeneration
  • Pocket elimination surgery

To learn more about the proper treatment for periodontal disease, schedule an appointment with expert Green Bay dentist Dr. David Brusky by calling (920) 662-1440 if you live in Howard, De Pere, Pulaski, Seymour or Shawano.

Contact the Center for Dental Excellence in Green Bay