During your regular dental checkup, Dr. Brusky and his skilled hygienist will look for any signs of periodontal disease. A probe will be used to measure the pockets between the tooth and the gums to determine the health of the underlying tissue. A healthy pocket won’t bleed and should extend only three millimeters. If pockets do bleed or extend further than that, that is a sign that you suffer from periodontal disease.
A Proper Diagnosis is Made
The hygienist will measure the pocket depths of each tooth while taking into account how much gum recession, inflammation, and bleeding has taken place. She will also check for tooth mobility.
The Stages of Periodontal Disease
Gum disease starts out as gingivitis. During this stage, your gums will feel tender and inflamed, and they may begin to bleed due to the toxins in the plaque buildup. The good news is that this condition is completely reversible with proper treatment.
When plaque hardens to calculus (tartar), periodontitis is said to have set in. The gums will recede from the teeth, and deeper pockets will form as plaque and tartar continue to build. The gums will become irritated as the pockets swell with bacteria and bits of food. Eventually, pus will form and the gums will easily bleed. With periodontitis, loss of bone tissue occurs as a result of the condition.
If left to fester, periodontitis will advance, causing you to lose more support as the gums, bone, and tissues holding teeth in place are destroyed. Treatment is crucial during this stage, or else your teeth will become loose, and you face a real risk of losing them forever. You’re also likely to lose bone structure during this stage which makes replacement with implants more difficult and costly.
Patients in De Pere, Howard, Seymour, Pulaski, and Shawano, shouldn’t wait if you have any signs of gum disease or you suspect that you do. Call (920) 662-1440 or use the handy form on the right to schedule an appointment with Green Bay’s gentle dental professional Dr. David Brusky today.